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Music Rudiments

Scale assignment:  major, natural minor, harmonic minor, melodic minor.
Scales are made up of half steps (H) and whole steps (W).  A whole step is 2 half steps.  
The circle of fifths is a way of organizing all the major and minor keys.  Upper case (red) letters are the major keys.  Lower case (blue) letters are the minor keys.  The green accidentals represent the common key signature.


PRACTICE EXERCISES
 




Circle of Fifths

 

Assignment: Using the pattern of whole steps and half steps provided below, construct new scales in all keys.

MAJOR C D E   F G A   B   C
W  W  H  W  W  W    H
NATURAL MINOR
C D Eb F G Ab Bb C
W  H  W  W  H  W    W
HARMONIC MINOR
C D Eb F G Ab B   C
W  H  W  W  H  W+H H
MELODIC MINOR ASCENDING
C D Eb F G A   B   C
W  H  W  W  W  W    H
MELODIC MINOR DESCENDING
                                C Bb Ab G F Eb D C
                                         W W H W W H W




                                                                       SCALE EXAMPLES                  LITERATURE EXAMPLES

MAJOR SCALE
MOZART
NATURAL MINOR SCALE Mahler 1
HARMONIC MINOR SCALE

MELODIC MINOR SCALE






LINKS TO ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

INCLUDES PRACTICE DRILLS

Musical Scales Training

Theory Tutorials

Collin's Scale Degree page




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